Half a century before Albert Einstein, English naturalist Charles Darwin's scientific theory of evolution by natural selection founded modern evolutionary studies.
Between the 1890s and 1910s was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States of America.
In the first half of the 20th century, Adolf Hitler's Germany forcefully sterilized or murdered hundreds of thousands of people, whom they found genetically imperfect.
When the book was published in 1859 it became a bestseller instantly, partly thanks to his conversational style in the book, rather than academic.
The identification of signatures of adaptations to such dietary changes in the human genome sheds light on the evolutionary history of our species? metabolism.
Evolutionary theory does not say any given species can evolve into totally different species. Evolution is about the accumulation of slight changes in new generations of species.
The English biologist discovered the fact that species better adapt to their environment over time by developing, modifying, repurposing, and losing inheritable characteristics. However, Darwin did not understand the mechanism behind how species change. What Darwin did not know was genes and subsequently their mutation.
When their food sources depleted our ancestors moved to areas where they would have access to meat and vegetation. It was thanks to agriculture humans could settle in, which irreversibly changed the course of history.
English biologist Charles Darwin was a European man of his time. Like many of his peers, he was under the impression that white men were inherently superior to women and people of color. Does the worldview of Darwin say anything about his theory and today's evolutionary biology?